The history of the country is not much different from the history of other Caribbean colonies. With the appearance of European conquerors on the islands, the local Indian culture of Taino was almost destroyed. The already unenviable situation of the indigenous population was aggravated by the Spanish conquistadors, who declared the territories of Puerto Rico their own colony and brought black slaves here, and with them new diseases. As a result, most of the Indians died as a result of epidemics and hard labor on cane plantations. Gradually, the insignificant remnants of the representatives of the Taino culture mixed with Europeans and African slaves, thus giving an impetus to the emergence of a new nation – the Puerto Ricans.
The very name "Puerto Rico" translates as "rich port". At first, this was the name of the administrative center of the colony, but gradually the sonorous phrase was fixed for the entire island. In 1898, after a military-armed conflict, Spain ceded this section of the Caribbean Islands to the United States. From that moment, an active process of emigration of the local population to the Country of Freedom began in Puerto Rico, flavored with a very sluggish struggle for independence. In 1952, an attempt on the American president, arranged by Puerto Rican separatists, gave the country the opportunity to acquire its own constitution and the status of an associated territory, with which it still exists.